Pressure Die Casting Lubricants

Die Cast Machine Lubrication

To keep the Die Cast Machines running at optimum output at all times, with minimal downtime, Fluid Solutions, Inc. has compiled a portfolio of lubricating products tested and used by DCM’s for many years. Such lubricants include hydraulic oils, slideways, and various greases.

Hydraulic Oils – Mineral Based

Our LUBERITE AW series is an HLP mineral-based lubricant containing low-zinc Anti-Wear (AW) additives, meeting quality levels of Denison, Vickers and Cincinnati Machines. It is highly recommended for use in high-pressure hydraulic systems, and may also be used for lightly loaded gearboxes and bearings not requiring Extreme Pressure (EP) additives.

PRODUCT
VISCOSITY AT 40°C (CST)
VISCOSITY INDEX
FLASH POINT (°C)
COLOR/APPEARANCE
DOWNLOADS
LUBERITE AW 46
47
6.97
104
Clear
LUBERITE AW 68
71
9.08
100
Clear
Fire-Resistant – Water-Glycol Solution

Petrofer’s Ultra-Safe 620 provides virtual total safety from accidental fires due to its outstanding fire-resistance in all hydraulic equipment operating in an environment of molten metal. It also provides a long fluid life due to its resistance to oxidation compared to mineral oils. Moreover, Ultra-Safe 620 possesses excellent lubrication and anti-wear properties.

PRODUCT
APPEARANCE
VISCOSITY AT 40°C (CST)
VISCOSITY INDEX
FIRE POINT (°C)
pH
DOWNLOADS
Petrofer Ultra – Safe 620
Red Transparent
38
> 150
None
9.4
PDS
Fire-Resistant HFDU Polyesters (Synthetic)

Quaker Quintolubric 888 – 46 and 68 are designed to replace anti-wear type mineral oils in applications where Fire Hazards are present. It is also frequently used as an alternative to Water-Glycol HFC fluids, when wear resistance & lubrication is desired, and when superior anti-rust capability is required. The product does not contain any mineral oil, phosphate esters nor water. Field experience has proven that Quintolubric 888-46, when properly maintained, can last up to five (5) years with optimum performance.

PRODUCT
APPEARANCE
VISCOSITY AT 40°C (CST)
VISCOSITY INDEX
FIRE POINT (°C)
ACID NUMBER (MG KOH/G)
VICKERS PUMP WEAR TEST
FZG FAIL STAGE
DOWNLOADS
Quaker Quintolubric 888 – 46
Red Transparent
47.5
190
360
2
<5 mg wear
> Stage 12
PDS
QUAKER QUINTOLUBRIC 888 – 68
Yellow to amber fluid
68
185
360
2
<5 mg wear
> Stage 12
Slideway Oils

Our LUBERITE SW range was formulated to meet the excessive demands for the lubrication of the slideways, toggles, and tie-bars of modern Die Cast Machines. Containing Friction Modifiers, this lubricant minimizes the occurrences of stick-slip at low speeds and high pressures, and provides protection against scuffing and seizures. LUBERITE SW also contains Tackifiers, Demulsfiers, and Anti-Rust additives, ensuring that its performance remains optimum despite the possible exposure from water-miscible die release agents.

PRODUCT
VISCOSITY AT 40°C (CST)
VISCOSITY INDEX
FLASH POINT (°C)
COLOR/APPEARANCE
DOWNLOADS
LUBERITE SW 68
65.48
107
230
Clear
LUBERITE SW 220
226
19.88
101
Clear/Amber

Die Casting Release Agents

Fluid Solutions, Inc. recently partnered with GW Smith and Sons (Quaker Chemical Corporation USA) to introduce a comprehensive line of Aluminum Die Casting Release Agents under the Die-Slick brand. These products have been renowned world-wide for:

  • Excellent Release and Die Protection
  • No Stain or Buildup
  • Stable Emulsion at High Ratios
  • Bright and Shiny Castings
Silicone Containing
Die Slick 1750A Series

Die Slick 1750A Series – a semi-synthetic petroleum, and silicone oil-containing formulation that provides excellent release and bright castings. Incorporates Smart Polymer technology.

PRODUCT
SOLIDS (%)
MINERAL OIL
ESTER
POLY SILOXANES
WAX
RECOMMENDED DILUTION RATIOS
Die Slick 1750 A
66
check
check
check
1:160 to 1:200
Die Slick 1738 A
33
check
check
check
1:140 to 1:160
Die Slick 1728 A
26.4
check
check
check
1:120 to 1:140
Die Slick 1722 A
22
check
check
check
1:100 to 1:120
Die Slick 1708 A
16.5
check
check
check
1:80 to 1:100
Die Slick 4517A Series

Die Slick 4517A Series – a synthetic and silicone-oil formulation, incorporating Smart Polymer technology. It provides protection on hot-areas to prevent soldering, but does not create build-up on the dies. Castings are bright and shiny.

PRODUCT
SOLIDS (%)
MINERAL OIL
ESTER
POLY SILOXANES
WAX
RECOMMENDED DILUTION RATIOS
Die Slick 4516
25
check
check
check
1:100 to 1:110
Die Slick 4515
20
check
check
check
1:100 to 1:120
Die Slick 4514
15
check
check
check
1:80 to 1:100
Die Slick 4513
10
check
check
check
1:40 to 1:80
Non-Silicone-Containing
Die Slick 240 VX

Die Slick 240 VX – a versatile semi-synthetic emulsion that does not contain silicones, and thus highly recommended for HDD and painting applications. It exhibits excellent release, minimal or no staining, and forms a stable emulsion. The product was formulated for the following applications:

ALLOY
RECOMMENDED STARTING RATIO
COMMENTS
ALUMINUM
80:1
Ratios as high as 120:1 are common.
ZINC
100:1
Ratios as high as 140:1 are common.
MAGNESIUM
100:1
Ratios as high as 140:1 are common.

Plunger Lubricants

Due to the elevated pressures generated at the shot-end of High Pressure Die Casting Machines (up to 10,000 psi), severe boundary lubricating conditions exists between the plunger tip and plunger sleeves at all times. To prolong plunger tip and sleeve life, and therefore to maximize productivity, Resource One developed a range of Plunger Lubricants that can maximize your Die Casting operations.

Mineral-Oil Based

Our LUBERITE PL 1000 HY Plunger Oil is a high-viscosity, mineral based oil containing Extreme Pressure (EP) additives.

PRODUCT
VISCOSITY AT 40°C (CST)
VISCOSITY INDEX
FLASHPOINT (°C)
DOWNLOADS
LUBERITE PL 1000 HY
1,010
87
234
Graphited Mineral-Based

Petrofer Piston Lubricant AP 270 contains micro-fine graphite particles that protect the sleeve and tip despite the loss of oil film lubrication at the injection stage of the Die Casting Process. Optimum wear protection is achieved using Piston Lubricant AP 270.

PRODUCT
APPEARANCE
DENSITY (KG/LITER)
FLASHPOINT (°C)
DOWNLOADS
PETROFER PISTON LUBRICANT AP 270
Black Viscous Fluid
0.94
280
Fire Resistant Water-Based Plunger Lubricant

Quaker’s AQ 016M is a new technology water-based plunger lubrication that resists the generation of fire upon contact with molten aluminum. Moreover, AQ 016M provides superior tip and sleeve life compared to conventional water-based technologies. It may applied using spray systems, or the traditional drip-feed applicators.

PRODUCT
APPEARANCE
DENSITY (KG/LITER)
FLASHPOINT (°C)
DOWNLOADS
LUBERITE PL77
Off-white liquid
0.94
Not applicable, boils at 100 °C
Solid Piston Powder

Petrofer Piston Powder is a solid and beaded lubricant made of wax, designed to melt, spread and lubricate the tip and sleeve upon contact with the sleeve. This technology has provided the following benefits to its users:

  • Excellent lubrication cost per shot vs oil based systems < 1.0 gram per shot on 350 ton machines
  • Clean, oil-free machine, reducing environmental impact
  • Lesser gas formation and porosity due to lower lubricating quantity required
  • Reduced possibility of product staining
  • Higher rate of recycling or re-melting Aluminum dross
PRODUCT
Appearance
Melting point
Density (kg/liter)
DOWNLOADS
Piston Powder FA
Small white dry beads
<80°C
<0.5

Other Lubrication For Die Cast Machinery

We have comprehensive range of auxiliary lubricants and coating, as well as hardwares for the die-cast practitioner.

PRODUCT
Product Name
Description
DOWNLOADS
Heat Transfer Oils
Petrofer Transtherm 525
Heat absorbing circulating oils for use in die-cooling systems, whose temperatures do not exceed 310°C.
Ejector Pin Grease
Taebecon Moly Plus 2
Grease with solid MoS2, providing protection against sliding friction, shock loads and high temperatures.
Anti-Solder Paste
Petrofer Die-Lubric Antilöt
Grease applied to ‘Hot Spots’ on the die to prevent or remove soldering.
Start-up Paste
Petrofer Die-Lubric ALP
Silver paste applied to dies to protect against soldering especially at start-up, or during cold-shots.
Ladle Coating
Lubrikote Ladle Kote L
Oil based ladle coating designed to prolong coating life vs conventional water-based ladle coatings.
Granular Flux
Lubrikote GR Series
Covering and drossing-off flux effective to cover and reduce gas pick-up and dross with low content of metallic inclusions.

Communicate with our
lubrication consultants!